Rome in its Wars
The obverse shows the helmeted head of Roma, Value mark below chin and ROMA behind. The reverse displays Victory crowning Jupiter with a wreath made from leaves. Victory is the goddess that guides other gods and heroes during their exploits. Victory was a Roman goddess who was very popular with the Roman army. The god Jupiter on this coin is used to represent his support to Rome in its Wars. Jupiter was the Roman god of the sky and his weapon was the thunderbolt. This is why he holds a thunderbolt on this coin, and as time went on, Jupiter became known as a protector of the Roman people and king of all the Roman gods.
The elephant is depicted on this coin because the moneyer’s ancestor Lucius Metellus fought in the first Punic war and defeated the Carthaginian general Hasdrubal at Panormus, which is now Palermo in Sicily in 250BCE.
He defeated his enemy by panicking the enemy’s elephants, which he then captured and displayed in his triumph at Rome. Thereafter the image of an elephant frequently appears on coins issued by the Metelli Family.
Our Moneyer (C. Caecilius Metellus) issued this coin in Rome around 125 BCE to show his family connection to this victory which would bring him a lot of prestige.