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Blogging The Grandeur That Was Rome - Rome: Strength And Honour.

The Empire Pertinax to Diocletian (192-305AD)

The Year of the Six Emperors 238AD
What a year!


Saloninus was the son of Gallienus and became Caesar upon the death of his brother Valerian II. He led his armies on a mission to quell barbarian revolts in Germany but Postumus, his leading general, revolted and had himself declared Augustus. Saloninus, still only Caesar, fled with a group of loyalist troops but were soon surrounded by Postumus. The soldiers dug into their quarters and raised Saloninus to the rank of emperor but the siege wore them down and Postumus finally captured and executed him.

The Antoninianus below was minted at Lugdunum in 256 AD and shows Saloninus as Ceasar

The obverse shows a Radiate and draped bust to the right and the legend "SALON VALERIANVS CAES"

The reverse shows Spes walking left, holding flower and raising hem of dress and the legend "SPES PVBLICA"


Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the caesar, Saloninus, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.