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Bar Kokhba: The Jew Who Defied Hadrian and Challenged the Might of Rome

Bar Kokhba: The Jew Who Defied Hadrian
and Challenged the Might of Rome
 
This title will be released on October 30, 2021
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BAR KOKHBA is the search for the truth of the epic struggle between two strong-willed leaders over who would rule a nation. One was Hadrian, the cosmopolitan ruler of the vast Roman Empire, then at its zenith, who some regarded as divine; the other was Shim'on, a Jewish military leader in a district of a minor province, who some believed to be the ‘King Messiah'. It is also the tale of the clash of two ancient cultures. One was the conqueror, seeking to maintain control of its hard-won dominion; the other was the conquered, seeking to break free and establish a new nation: Israel. During the ensuing conflict - the ‘Second Jewish War' - the highly motivated Jewish militia sorely tested the highly trained professional Roman army. The rebels withstood the Roman onslaught for three-and-a-half years (AD 132 - 136). They established an independent nation with its own administration, headed by Shim'on as its president. The outcome of that David and Goliath contest was of great consequence, both for the people of Judaea and for Judaism itself. So, who was this insurgent Shim'on known today as ‘Bar Kokhba'? How did Hadrian, the Roman emperor who built the famous Wall in northern Britain, respond to the challenger? And how, in later ages, did this rebel with a cause become a hero for the Jews in the Diaspora longing for the foundation of a new Israel in modern times? This book describes the author's personal journey across three continents to establish the facts. _BAR KOKHBA_ is lucidly written by the author of the mould-breaking Augustus at War and the acclaimed biographies Germanicus and Marcus Agrippa. Drawing on archaeology, art, coins, inscriptions, militaria, as well as secular and religious documents, Lindsay Powell presents a fascinating account of the people and events at a crucial time in world history
 
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Twelve Caesars: Images of Power from the Ancient World to the Modern

 

Out Now!


Twelve Caesars: Images of Power from the Ancient World to the Modern
by Mary Beard

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From the bestselling author of SPQR: A History of Ancient Rome, the fascinating story of how images of Roman autocrats have influenced art, culture, and the representation of power for more than 2,000 years What does the face of power look like? Who gets commemorated in art and why? And how do we react to statues of politicians we deplore? In this book—against a background of today’s “sculpture wars”—Mary Beard tells the story of how for more than two millennia portraits of the rich, powerful, and famous in the western world have been shaped by the image of Roman emperors, especially the “Twelve Caesars,” from the ruthless Julius Caesar to the fly-torturing Domitian. Twelve Caesars asks why these murderous autocrats have loomed so large in art from antiquity and the Renaissance to today, when hapless leaders are still caricatured as Neros fiddling while Rome burns. Beginning with the importance of imperial portraits in Roman politics, this richly illustrated book offers a tour through 2,000 years of art and cultural history, presenting a fresh look at works by artists from Memling and Mantegna to the nineteenth-century American sculptor Edmonia Lewis, as well as by generations of weavers, cabinetmakers, silversmiths, printers, and ceramicists. Rather than a story of a simple repetition of stable, blandly conservative images of imperial men and women, Twelve Caesars is an unexpected tale of changing identities, clueless or deliberate misidentifications, fakes, and often ambivalent representations of authority. From Beard’s reconstruction of Titian’s extraordinary lost Room of the Emperors to her reinterpretation of Henry VIII’s famous Caesarian tapestries, Twelve Caesars includes fascinating detective work and offers a gripping story of some of the most challenging and disturbing portraits of power ever created. Published in association with the Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

 

What were the ancient Rome costumes and fashion history?

 What were the ancient Rome costumes

and fashion history?
By Richard Marrison
 
Ancient Roman clothing was simple and evolving. The fashion and costumes of this era mainly consisted of Toga, tunic, and Stola. Togas and Stola were the forms of official or outdoor costumes, while Tunics were indoor and informal costumes.

Wool, linen, silk, cotton, and hemp were the prominent clothing materials produced in the Roman territory. However, Silk and cotton were reserved only for the rich and were imported from India and China.

Like in most of the ancient Empires, clothes in ancient Rome represented the citizen's class and position in the society. Every individual had a specific statement attire to define who they were and what background they came from.

The most interesting fact about the costume and fashion of Ancient Rome was the Romans never wore pants as they found pants a ridiculous and uncivilized form of clothing.

Toga

Toga consisted of a single length of wool cloth, characteristic loose, cut in a semicircle, and draped around the wearer's body without any fastenings. It was worn outermost over a tunic. 
 
 
A portrait of a man wearing Roman Toga

The Toga was a complex form of clothing, and it needed much time and effort to drape it the right way. It was first pleated and draped over the left shoulder and passed across the body under the right arm.

Togas remained the statement garment for the higher classes throughout the Roman empire. Originally both genders wore togas, but gradually the women abandoned them for the Stola.

The Toga was the symbol of Roman citizenship; hence, only free male citizens of Rome could wear it at least sixteen years of age. Slaves and foreigners were forbidden to wear togas.

Based on design, coloration, and occasions, Togas were broadly divided into six types.

Toga Pura
 
This was A plain white toga worn by adult male commoners on formal occasions. Senators not having a curule magistrate also wore Toga Pura. This cloth represented adult male citizenship and its attendant rights, freedom as well as responsibilities.

Toga trabea
 
In ancient Rome, the elite groups of the society wore a toga with a stripe of purple or saffron called toga trabea. The distinct feature of all trabeas was their color. Religion specialists who interpreted the meanings of natural signs wore a toga trabea with saffron or purple stripes. Purple and white striped Toga was worn by Romulus and other consuls at essential ceremonies.

Toga Praetexta
 
The Roman magistrate or free-bourbon youth wore a toga with a reddish-purple border known as Toga Praetexta. Some free-born girls might have worn these as well. It marked their protection by law from sexual predation and bad influence. Boys wore this Toga until age fourteen to sixteen when they assumed the Toga Pura. The girls gave up the garment around the age of puberty.

Toga Candida
 
This was the bleached version of white Toga worn by senators and candidates for public office. The bright white color was achieved by rubbing chalk over the Toga.

Toga Pulla
 
Romans wore this darkened Toga for mourning at elite funerals.

Toga Picta

 
The most striking of all of the togas were the Toga Picta. Dyed all purple and given gold rim, it was reserved only for generals when they celebrated a Roman triumph and, in the later imperial period, emperors.

Stola
Another formal clothing of Romans was Stola. It was the traditional woolen garment of Roman women, considered the female counterpart to the Toga. Stola, the staple of fashion in ancient Rome, was a long pleated dress that sometimes hung from the shoulder with straps. It represented marital status and was worn only by married women.
 
A statue of Livia with palla and Stola
 
Another formal clothing of Romans was Stola. It was the traditional woolen garment of Roman women, considered the female counterpart to the Toga. Stola, the staple of fashion in ancient Rome, was a long pleated dress that sometimes hung from the shoulder with straps. It represented marital status and was worn only by married women.

The clothing didn't have many varieties like Toga as ancient Rome was highly patriarchal, and women didn't have a broad spectrum of careers. However, Stola was made in different colors, including red, yellow, and blue.

Necklines and hem were decorated with more details and embellishments for higher-class women. For commoners, these would be a simple band of color or pattern. Wealthier Roman women also used expensive jewelry and elaborate hairstyles with the stolas to advertise their social rank and luxury.
 
Tunic

The tunic was an essential garment for both genders and all classes in ancient Rome. However, it was not the official clothing for Romans and was worn only for indoor purposes.


A picture of Roman Tunic - 6th Century AD
 
The Tunic was designed differently for males and females. Males wore loose-fitting ones that began at the neck and ended right above the knee. For women, it could be either loose or fitted, beginning at the neck and extending over a skirt.
 
The male wore a tunic under a toga, whereas it could be worn plain or belted at the waist. Tunic represented the wearer's class in Roman society.
 
Roman senators wore a tunic with broad purple stripes. Members of the equestrian class wore it with narrower stripes, whereas soldiers, slaves, and manual workers generally had tunics to a little above the knee.
 
Women generally wore a long tunic that reached the foot or instep. It was worn underneath the Stola or could be belted at the waist and very decorated.

What kinds of undergarments did the Romans wear?

Under the Toga or Tunic, ancient roman men and women wore an undergarment made up of linen. Men wore a loincloth called perizoma. Women had their version of activewear similar to today's bikini, Strophium being the top piece and Subligaculum being the bottom one.

What were the colors of the Roman clothing?

The prominent colors worn by ancient Roman were white, purple, blue, scarlet, red, yellow, green, brown, and black. Organic dyes were used to produce the required colors and their different shades. Wine, salts, shells, beetroot, sheep urine, lentils, fungus, mosses, flowers, barley malt, insects, and vinegar were the most used organic materials for dyes.
 
Purple was considered as the royal color as mainly emperors wore it. The purple dye was expensive, which was obtained by crushing thousands of shells of Mediterranean murex.

Crimson(extracted from the dried bodies of female insect Kermes ilicis), indigo (extracted from indigo plant), and saffron yellow( extracted from the bright red stigmas of the Saffron crocus) were the expensive dyes. The most common and cheap dyes were yellow( extracted from a European plant called weld), green( extracted from lichens), and black(produced by burning the crushed remains of grapes).

What kind of shoes did ancient Romans wear?
 
As with clothing, footwear too indicated the wearer's social class, rank, and power. Senators wore a unique sandal with four black thongs, whereas the emperors wore the same style but with red thongs. The poor and the slaves wore low-quality footwear, and the prisoners had to wear wooden slippers.
 
Romans primarily wore sandals indoors with socks. While venturing outside, they preferred shoes that entirely covered feet. Roman-style footwear for both genders was similar. Boots were typically made of leather, designed to cover the feet correctly, and fastened in front with thongs.
 
 Roman soldiers wore durable boots called Caligae, which were open-toed boots made with hobnails that gave extra traction.

Accessories of the Ancient Rome
 
Ancient Roman necklace made up of carnelian stone and gold
 
The commonly used accessories in Ancient Rome were jewelry, beads, hair accessories, breast chains, and makeup.

Jewelry
 
Roman jewelry was renowned for its complex design made from colorful gems and glass beads. Diamonds., Sapphires and emeralds were the expensive gems used by the higher ranks alongside gold and bronze. The other materials used were pearl, bone, fossilized wood, and glass.
 
For wealthy men, wearing a single or several rings was remarkable enough. However, they also wore bracelets, collars with pendants, torcs, and brooch pins to secure their cloaks.
 
In contrast, women had more collections of jewelry as it was the expression of power and luxury. Necklaces, amulets, rings, earrings, anklets, and armlets were the classic pieces of jewelry worn by women. Brooch and fibula, a kind of cloth fastener, were also very popular among women.
 
Hairstyling and hair accessories
 
Romans gave hairstyling significant importance in Ancient Rome.
 
Men kept their hair long in early times, but it gradually changed over time. Elaborate curls that frame the face. Sideburns were famous among Roman men. Wearing wigs and dying varieties of dark and light shades became a significant fashion fad among men. 
 
For women, the simpler the hairstyles, the better it was. They allowed their hairs to fall freely, confining only with bands or pins. Buns were also in practice among young women. Wigs were additionally a part of hairstyling fashion to enhance the beauty of women.

Makeup, Cosmetics, and Beauty Care
 
People in ancient Rome were highly conscious of their looks and beauty. They were highly influenced by the beauty trends of the Greeks and Egyptians.

Cosmetics were only concerned for women and applied in private rooms where men did not enter. Wealthy women had easy access to quality cosmetics, whereas working classes were limited to knock-off products.

Christian women avoided cosmetics as they believed in being happy with how God created them. The cosmetic products were made from a rational blend of chemicals and excrement.

Kohl, the critical ingredient for eye makeup, was made up of ashes or soot and antimony. Roman women used colored eyeshadows to enhance the eye.
 
To whiten the face, women opted for chalk and white lead pigment.
 
Red lips were achieved either using bromine or beetle juice. For blushes, women used pretty rose petals, preferably darker red ones.

Roman women also loved to smell excellent and desirable. To overcome the strong smell of the chemicals used in cosmetics, deodorant made from alum, iris, and rose petals were common.
 
Costumes and fashion in ancient Rome were more than a basic need. It was the expression of liberty, a symbol of luxury, advertisement of social rank, and validation of power.
 
Conclusion
 
Ancient Rome was the epitome of progressing modern language, religion, law, art, and architecture. And most importantly, the costumes and fashion of this beautiful era were some of the fascinating aspects of this civilization. 
 
In conclusion, their clothing and fashion were simple, elegant, and practical for the era. Based on the social hierarchy and status, people had to dress appropriately. Clothing was not just a basic survival need, but also the identification of one's gender, status, rank, and social class. Ancient Roman fashion reflects a lot about the social construct and ideology of the people in the era.
 

Roman Clothing and Fashion

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There is plenty of information about military dress in Roman Britain and the rest of the Roman Empire, but the evidence for civilian dress has not been comprehensively looked at since the 1930s. In this richly illustrated survey, Alexandra Croom describes the range and style of clothing worn throughout the Western Empire and shows how fashions changed between the first and the sixth centuries. After a short introduction to the evidence (from archaeology, art and literature), and to the manufacture of clothing and its use in status display, she systematically treats male and female dress, looking at the tunic, toga (for men), mantle (for women) and cloaks; underwear, footwear and specialist wear; hats, hairstyles and jewellery. The book concentrates on the clothing work in the Mediterranean region, but includes a section on provincial fashions. A fine and varied corpus of illustrations (including colour plates) helps to bring the everyday world of the Roman Empire to life.
 
The Toga and Roman Identity
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This book traces the togas history from its origins in the Etruscan garment known as the tebenna, through its use as an everyday garment in the Republican period to its increasingly exclusive role as a symbol of privilege in the Principate and its decline in use in late antiquity. It aims to shift the scholarly view of the toga from one dominated by its role as a feature of Roman art to one in which it is seen as an everyday object and a highly charged symbol that in its various forms was central to the definition and negotiation of important gender, age and status boundaries, as well as political stances and ideologies. It discusses the togas significance not just in Rome itself, but also in the provinces, where it reveals ideas about cultural identity, status and the role of the Roman state. The Toga and Roman Identity shows that, by looking in detail at the history of Romes national garment, we can gain a better understanding of the complexities of Roman identity for different groups in society, as well as what it meant, at any given time, to be Roman.

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Emil Tsenov - Roman Fictional Author

Roman History Blog - Featured Author
 
Emil Tsenov - Roman Fictional Author
Tells the fictional story of the real Roman empress Cornelia Super
 
I was born in 1968 in Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria. I currently live in Vienna, Austria, where I work and teach in the areas of Marketing and Strategy. I have an M.A. in English Language and Literature from Sofia University and an MBA from INSEAD, France. My passion is to observe the relationships between people and to analyze the surrounding world in order to understand it better.
 
Author Emil Tsenov
 
My long-standing interest in Roman history and numismatics is reflected in this novel, which is my second book after the short stories collection Gods of The City (2018, published in Bulgarian).  I started collecting Roman coins at the age of 10. The stories behind every coin – the lives of the emperors and empresses in whose name they were struck, the events and deities depicted of the reverses – continue to fascinate me. I am particularly interested in the story of Roman provinces on the Balkans, and “Cornelia” addresses the period of the 3rd century CE in that region. The story in the book was inspired by a true event. In the 1980s a friend of mine, also a coin collector, was offered an antoninianus of the empress Cornelia Supera, the wife of the emperor Aemilianus, in an excellent condition. It turned out to be a fake. I then started thinking “What if someone found a real gold coin of Cornelia Supera? And what if she could tell us her own story? What kind of woman was she?” This is how the whole story unravelled and crystallized in the plot of “Cornelia”.

 
In 2012 treasure-hunters stumble upon an exceptional find near the town of Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria – the tomb of the Roman Empress Cornelia Supera, who remains hitherto almost unknown to history. What they find next to her remains will entangle in a complex knot the destinies of people from different countries and of different social status. Cornelia’s inheritance is desired by American millionaires, English lords and Bulgarian Mafia bosses. At the center of all events is Alex, a professor at a local university, whose big passion are ancient coins. While chasing the unique aureus struck in the name of the Empress, he will have to ask himself many difficult questions and find the answers.
 
 After eighteen centuries of oblivion, Cornelia finds a way to tell her story and to reveal an extraordinary woman – intelligent and with the ambition to change history. Together with her husband, the Emperor Aemilius Aemilianus, she will go through all stages of ascent and fall to sink into the mist of time and to again appear triumphantly from it. Cornelia’s story will shake our understanding of the history of Rome and its Balkan provinces in the 3rd century CE.
 
 
You can buy it as an eBook (epub, mobi, pdf) at www.tsenovbooks.com/en, where you can also learn more about the book and read the first chapters.
 
“Cornelia” is also available as an eBook on Amazon.

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Copyright © 2021 David Lee
 

Book Review - Roman Britain’s Missing Legion

Book Review by the Roman History Blog
 Roman Britain’s Missing Legion
What Really Happened to IX Hispana?
By Dr Simon Elliott 
 
This is an inspiring and gripping piece of detective work of one of the great Roman mysteries of the missing IXth Legion Hispana. This book is a must have for all people interested in Roman history!
 
This book explains the disappearance of 5500 men of the Legion IX Hispana. Simon Eliott hypotheses four key fates in detail in his book for the IXth legion. One, lost or disbanded in Northern Britain, two, lost or disbanded in Southern Britain, three, lost or disbanded in the Rhine or Danube and four, lost or disbanded in the east.
 
The book describes legionaries in detail including armour and equipment. Simon Elliott discusses Caesar in much detail with his second visit to Britian with the IXth Legion. The IXth and three other legions came to Britain with the Claudian invasion and describes the battles and interactions with the Celts. The IXth later established York as their base and saw uprisings both in Northern and Southern Britain. The North had the Caledonians (modern Scots) and Brigantes revolting against Rome and the south had the Hadrianic war or uprising in Londinium (London).

The IXth Legion is sent to the East for the three Jewish wars and is explained in some detail. At one point, six legions were stationed in Judea! Whilst under Trajan and Hadrian the IXth witnessed conquests and uprisings in Armenia and Parthia which is discussed.

Part of the IXth legion was sent to the Rhine and the Danube Frontier and Simon Elliott explains both the Roman Legions and Germanic tribes with their successes and failures on both sides.

Find out what happened to the IXth Legion Hispana in this great book!

Roman Britain's Missing Legion:
What Really Happened to IX Hispana?

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Roman Britain's Missing Legion: What Really Happened to IX Hispana?

Roman Britain's Missing Legion:
What Really Happened to IX Hispana?

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Legio IX Hispana had a long and active history, later founding York from where it guarded the northern frontiers in Britain. But the last evidence for its existence in Britain comes from AD 108. The mystery of their disappearance has inspired debate and imagination for decades. The most popular theory, immortalized in Rosemary Sutcliffe's novel _The Eagle of the Ninth_, is that the legion was sent to fight the Caledonians in Scotland and wiped out there. But more recent archaeology (including evidence that London was burnt to the ground and dozens of decapitated heads) suggests a crisis, not on the border but in the heart of the province, previously thought to have been peaceful at this time. What if IX Hispana took part in a rebellion, leading to their punishment, disbandment and _damnatio memoriae_ (official erasure from the records)? This proposed ‘Hadrianic War' would then be the real context for Hadrian's ‘visit' in 122 with a whole legion, VI Victrix, which replaced the ‘vanished' IX as the garrison at York. Other theories are that it was lost on the Rhine or Danube, or in the East. Simon Elliott considers the evidence for these four theories, and other possibilities.
 
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Andrew Boyce - Roman Fictional Author

Roman History Blog - Featured Author

Andrew Boyce - Roman Fictional Author
Bath House and Antonine Wall Sparks Interest in the Romans!

Reading great Roman Historical Fiction Authors such as Harry Sidebottom, Simon Scarrow and Ben Kane, I had a book idea in the back of my mind. Could I write it and could I write more than one?

Yes I could and I want to share how I did it, in case there are other people in the same position as I am, as well as sharing my Roman interest and promoting my books!

First, this is how I did it! On my smartphone, I had a package called "WPS". Most days at a quiet time, usually in the evening, I would write a little and save it. I always took it slowly, waiting for the next part of the story to develop in my mind before writing it down. Sometimes when writing, a new thought would come to me and I would be excited to write that down, the story then taking a different direction than planned.

Before long, I then had a complete story. But what should I do now? I knew the chances of obtaining a book deal were much the same as me winning a nice amount on the lottery and so I googled about self publishing.

By chance, I discovered "Kindle Direct Publishing (KDP) Amazon" that allowed you to upload your Word file and then use their cover creator. I mainly used free pictures from the website "Pixabay" to create the cover and a few inside pictures. And then, Bingo! I had my first ebook/paperback - The Antonine Romans and The Golden Torque.

Andrew Boyce and his Three Books!
I then began the process of trying to promote and this is not easy and I am only at the start of learning this aspect, not having a book company to do this for me!

So far, it has been a mixture of joining Facebook history sites, Facebook book sites, my own Facebook site and my own Twitter site @andrewboyceaut1

It is a case of sticking by the rules of each Facebook site - posting only on the days allowed, only once in a day etc. Sometimes your post gets rejected and you feel very offended!

As well as being a source of great information, the Facebook users get to know the books you have to offer and soon, you are happily typing away posts on your smartphone, adding in pictures of your book covers and using your clipboard smartphone feature to write posts at the touch of a button, rather than typing out each one, again and again!

One of the Facebook/Twitter sites that I joined is the excellent Roman History site (Links below). This provides wonderful posts, with great pictures, articles and information and I feel honoured to have my writing and pictures on here!

And so onto my next section, what is my Roman interest all about? Well, from an early age I remember as a child in my father's car around Glasgow seeing strange ditches, long straight roads, and street names such as "Roman Road". We would see remains of the Roman bathhouse at Bearsden, a dip in the road where the Antonine Wall crossed over, or a house halfway along a hill in Milngavie that originally was the site of a Roman fortlet!

My imagination fired up, I was amazed to learn about the Roman Antonine Wall that ran across central Scotland, Hadrian's Wall that ran across the border of Scotland and England and Roman Britain in general, such as Bath, Chester, York and London.
Amphitheatre - Chester - A Special Place for Andrew Boyce!
It also helped having teachers at school that were interested in the Romans. I can remember aged 8, the class making cardboard Roman helmets, that the teacher finished each off with a bright red plume of wool. Also visits to the Burrell Collection and the Hunterian Museum as a class or with my family, where I would wonder at the various coins, pottery and objects found in Roman Scotland.

I recall that at my primary school several years before I attended, a pupil had found various Roman coins that the Headmaster then passed to a Museum.

The interest in the Romans continued into adulthood with the reading of the various greats of Roman Historical Fiction such as that mentioned at the start of this article, as well as excited trips to Roman places, such as York and Chester.


To stand in the middle of the Roman amphitheatre remains in Chester and to look out, was a special moment. As was walking their town's walls and along the nearby path to suddenly see Minerva's Shrine, dating from the early 2nd century, emerge from a wall in front of me!
Minerva's Shrine - Chester
Putting this all together, an idea in my mind was developing to write a book and the story seemed to emerge, waiting to be written down. With the help of technology of WPS and KDP Amazon as previously described, the Antonine Romans novellas were the result, leading to the final section of this article of promoting my ebooks/paperbacks!

The first novella is "The Antonine and The Golden Torque" and the essence of the whole series is there. It is the native Scots facing the Roman invaders and follows characters such as the new Centurion - Andronicus and a young well regarded tribal Scot - Jamis.

Book 1 - The Antonine Romans and The Golden Torque
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The second novella "The Antonine Romans and The New King" follows on from the first, focusing on Centurion Andronicus and the Scot Jamis, leading to a dramatic ending of this second novella, that sets up the trilogy.

Book 2 - The Antonine Romans and The New King
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As a result, the initial trilogy is completed with the third novella "The Antonine Romans and The Redemption", which plays out various conflicts and revelations between Andronicus and Jamis, with an ending that is unexpected.

Book 3 - The Antonine Romans and The Redemption
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AD144 The Antonine Wall, Caledonia, modern day Scotland.
Battles rage amongst individuals and armies.
 
Book 4: The Antonine Romans and The Tribune's Mission
 
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Tribune Lacitus must use all his skill if he is to save himself, his brother Centurion Antallius of Balmuildy Roman Fort and his father Senior Tribune Rexis of Trimontium Roman Fort.
 
Book 5: The Antonine Romans and The Gladiators
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A Gladiator Fight at the Trimontium Amphitheatre, Scottish Borders, holds the fate of Tribune Lacitus and his family. His brother - Centurion Antallius has his own battles to overcome with the attack on Balmuildy Fort. The exciting fifth Novella in The Antonine Romans Series
 
Book 6: The Antonine Romans and Burnswark Hill
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A direct order from The Emperor - Antoninus Pius for the complete destruction of Burnswark Hill. Can Jamis be rescued before the brutal assault? The destruction of Burnswark Hill and the survival of Jamis with his Negotiation Skills, are seen as vital for success in The Northern Frontier.
 
 Book 7: The Antonine Romans and Deva: Roman Chester Awaits!
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Tribune Lacitus has received new orders to travel to Deva (Roman Chester). His mission is to save Deva from falling, with an attack from the local tribe imminent. Can Tribune Lacitus and his brother Centurion Antallius, survive and succeed?
 
 
With my style of writing, the novellas are best read as a series starting from the beginning and so I decided to include a Compilation Book "The Antonine Series (Books 1 to 3)" of all three stories together, if the reader would prefer to have one ebook/paperback, rather than the three. I priced this Compilation Book to be a little cheaper than buying all three individually as I would like people to complete the trilogy, this being another opportunity to do so.

And so what is next, I hopefully hear you say? Well, I hope that the whole world buys the three novellas or the Compilation Book, in either the ebook or paperback versions and I am either picked up in a book deal, a film or both!

As I watch what may be a pig flying past my window or may not, if I have a bit of luck and was actually a plane, the ideas have started for the fourth Antonine Romans novella. What is the title of this fourth novella? Watch this space!
The Antonine Series (Books 1 to 3)
Andrew Boyce Showing Books 1 to 3
Get The Antonine Series 1 to 3 Kindle Edition at https://amzn.to/2OTWOpF
Get The Antonine Series 1 to 3 Paperback at https://amzn.to/3hOfeo8

Best wishes
Andrew Boyce, Roman Fiction Author

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Copyright © 2020 David Lee